First, let’s know more about a handicraft. A handicraft is a product that all or most parts of it are handmade without any types of machines get involved. The point about handicrafts is that they are different from culture to culture even from climate to climate and the ingredients are completely related to the situation of the area the handicraft is made.
Making a handicraft neither needs special assets nor an external expert to confirm your product. It’s all about your taste.
Iran as one of the most ancient countries in the world with many different tribes and lifestyles has many different types of handicrafts. Persian handicrafts’ shape, color, quality, and materials are different depended mostly on the history of the area they are made in. Some of them exporting most will be introduced here later. But now let’s know more about Persian handicrafts’ categories.
Some say there are 24 categories for Persian handicrafts some 16. Let’s take a brief look at the most beloved ones:
Iranian weavings, handicrafts that are woven through vertical or horizontal holders, are known as a famous true brand. The most popular type of such Persian handicrafts is Persian carpet. It’s been for centuries they are used for covering the floor in Iran and other nations familiar with different kinds of carpets. You can see different geometrical shapes inspired by ancient paintings and different plant shapes. Among different kinds of handicrafts like carpet, you can see “Kilim”, “Gabbeh” and “Jajim” which are different in thickness and softness depending on the material and the way they are woven.
“Qalamkar” (or kalamkari). The category of those luxurious, glorious, colorful fabric that is mostly silk-woven. “Termeh” and “Zardozi” are two types of kalamkari in which you can see textures made by weaving silk, gold and silver threads. That’s why these Persian handicrafts are expensive and delightful.
Pottery and glass blowing are the next most beloved ancient Persian handicrafts. The experts shape the bole on a pottery wheel and then bake them. You can see ceramic and many different kinds of pots and jars among them. Pottery is one of those oldest industries inherited from ancient centuries. Moreover, you can see Iranian glass blowing products that are made by men blowing through special pipes trying to shape melted glass materials. They were made in special textiles and colors used among the Royal family the most.
Metalwork. Iranian metalwork is “Qalamzani” (or “Ghalamzani” and toreutics) and “Minakari” that are made through hammering and carving metal. “Minakari” especially originates from Isfahan, painting beautiful (mostly) flowers with special colors. (Turquoise blue is the color you can see most when entering a Minakari store.)
If you see a “Khatam” you’ll understand it’s from Iran. It’s the next most luxurious Persian handicraft that relates to the woodwork category. Khatamkari is the way the artist puts the starry shape of wooden pieces together to decorate the surface of different boxes or boards. The best khatam pieces originate from Shiraz and Isfahan. You see! Shiraz and Isfahan, the tow great ancient kingdoms of Iran.
Miniature and calligraphy are the last popular category well-known from Iran. The great Miniaturist, “Mahmoud Farshchian”’s paintings are of those Iran specialties you can show off having one in your house. Also, calligraphy of the great poets like “Hafez” and “Molana” framed by Iranian woodworks can decorate your desk or wall as a soothing painting.
At last, I have to confess Persian glorious handicrafts are one of the best souvenirs you can bring to your dearests. So travel to Iran, visit ancient cities like Lurestan, Isfahan, Shiraz, Yazd, Nishapur, and enjoy touching ancient arts besides stepping on ancient ways.